HomeLocalRussia-Ukraine war causes jitters in Zimbabwe’s tourism industry, spike in wild life...

Russia-Ukraine war causes jitters in Zimbabwe’s tourism industry, spike in wild life crimes

Elina Ncube, a former housekeeper at one of Victoria Falls’ prime lodges, now survives by scavenging for food at the municipal dumpsite.

The 39-year-old mother of five wakes up as early as 4am to make her way to the Masuwe dumpsite because competition is tough as more and more of the city’s residents resort to scavenging due to deepening poverty as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Ncube, the sole breadwinner, lost her job in 2020 when Zimbabwe closed its borders to slow down the spread of Covid-19 and her family was on the brink.

A recent survey by We Are Victoria Falls initiative said 7 000 people in the resort city had lost their jobs because of the pandemic.

Forty six percent of workers in the tourism sector which covers leisure, hunting and tours as well as transfers were forced to work reduced hours.

Ncube was fortunate to get a temporary reprieve when the tourism industry reopened late last year after her old employer rehired her as a gardener, but her contract was terminated after Russia invaded Ukraine two months ago.

Her employer is one of the many tourism operators, who relied on Russian safari tourists in Zimbabwe whose numbers have taken a dramatic dip since the war began.

“My husband is disabled and when I lost my job my neighbours introduced me to Masuwe dumpsite where we survive on picking up old clothes to wear, food to eat and plastic and metallic objects for resale to recyclers,” Ncube said.

“I can no longer afford to buy basic groceries such as bread and flour to feed my family and prospects of finding another job in this Covid-19 era are near impossible.

“The war in Ukraine has made the situation even more desperate because most of the tourists that booked at our lodge were from Russia and we were told that most of them had cancelled their bookings.”

Clement Mukwasi, president of the Employers Association for Tours and Safari Operators, said Russia was a big source market for Zimbabwe’s hunting industry and the war had an immediate impact on the country’s tourism industry that was beginning to recover from the impact of Covid-19 lockdowns.

“We were hoping that we will begin to see some tourist arrivals from all over the world, but unfortunately when the war broke out between Russia and Ukraine as well as the intricate involvement of Belarus, we have seen that the tourists specifically those that come from Russia have completely stopped coming to the continent of Africa, “Mukwasi said.

“We are expecting a serious drop in the numbers of such tourists coming to Zimbabwe as we go further for reasons around the stoppage of their airlines from flying to the tourism destinations.

“Russian citizens are unable to transact on any of the monetary platforms because of the sanctions that the country has been hit with and also when there is instability, it becomes difficult for people to freely move.

“So what is going to continue happening is that certain sectors of tourism are going to be affected, especially the hunting sector which is mainly dominated by the Russian, Belarusian and Ukrainian tourists.”

“Tourist arrivals from Russia’s neighbours such as Ukraine, Turkey, Poland and Germany have also dropped significantly.”

He said the cost of travel globally was rising rapidly as a result of the war and this will impact negatively on tourism.

“We are watching that closely and we hope that it will not get back to a point where we are on our knees again, but our bookings that were from these war-zone countries, their neighbours and some parts of Europe have already been cancelled,” Mukwasi added.

“So we think that we are going to lose out, especially on hunting and leisure tourism.”

Obrien Dube, a driver employed by a tours and transfers service provider in Victoria Falls said   since the Russia-Ukraine war began the number of tourists had gone down significantly.

“I earn on commission, and this means that if there are no tourists coming through, the demand for my services is low,” Dube said.

“Bread now costs over US$2 in supermarkets and the price of fuel has also gone up.

“I am struggling to feed my children because my taxi has been parked for several weeks.”

A loaf of bread now costs US$2,21 after a series of price reviews in the last two months, which the Grain Millers Association of Zimbabwe attributes to the increasing difficulties in importing wheat from Ukraine and Russia.

Zimbabwe sources nearly 60% of its wheat supplies from Russia and Ukraine.

The impact of the war is also being felt through the frequent fuel price increases.

Stevenson Dhlamini, an economist from the National University of Science and Technology in Bulawayo, said the Russia-Ukraine war was having a devastating impact on Zimbabwe’s already struggling economy.

“The effect is especially felt in the wheat sector, where supply chains were disrupted by the conflict and consequently created production bottlenecks,” Dhlamini said.

“This decline in the supply of wheat has led to adverse consequences on the prices of bread.

“Not only did the economic shock emanate from the wheat supply chain, but also the cost of energy has gone up.”

He believes that although the number of tourists from Russia did not constitute the bulk of visitors to Zimbabwe, their absence would be felt.

“Most of our tourists in the past years have been reported to come from Africa and the Middle East,” Dhlamini said.

“Local tourism as well is being negatively affected by the soaring inflation rate that the country is experiencing, (so) to help ease the impact of these shocks my advice to the government will be to offer subsidies to strategic industries and offer them concessionary loans by drawing down on the (International Monetary Fund’s) Special Drawing Rights.

Finance minister Mthuli Ncube last month blamed Zimbabwe’s galloping inflation on the Russia-Ukraine war, saying it was disrupting global supply chains.

The country’s currency has been on a downward spiral in recent weeks stoking fears of a return to dollarisation, which ended in 2019.

Meanwhile, conservationists say a combination of Covid-19, effects of the Russia, Ukraine war and Zimbabwe’s worsening economic problems is to blame for increasing cases of poaching in communities around game reserves,

Trevor Lane, founder of Bhejane Trust, said the Covid-19 pandemic and the general economic collapse has seen both large and small wild animals being targeted by poachers.

Lane said there has also been a rise in fish poaching where poachers resort to using mosquito nets to catch larger volumes of fish

“Covid-19 has had a massive impact across Africa, which is having devastating consequences, and we are seeing an alarming surge in wildlife and fish poaching,” Lane said.

“We find mosquito nets and cheap filament nets being used illegally with an alarming number of small fish being taken out of the waters before they reach maturity and reproductive size, and this is compromising our ecosystem,”

Ollen Dube, an environmental expert based in Victoria Falls, said there was a worrying increase in poaching activities.

“Large mammals such as the elephants and rhinos are the prime target too and with this on-going war in Ukraine, the Covid pandemic and general levels of unemployment, we are likely to see many more of them being poached,” Dube said.

In the past few months, police have made several arrests of people found selling ivory in areas such as Victoria Falls, Hwange, Kamativi and Dete.

At least three rhinos have also been killed by poachers in game reserves in Matabeleland South and Masvingo.

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